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Heatbed not heating up properly

Last updated 5 months ago
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CSDEESFRITPL

If your Heatbed does not heat up, there are a couple of things you should check to identify the source of the issue.

Temperature measurements

Measuring the temperature with an IR thermometer is not the correct way to measure it. It measures an average of a circle that is much bigger than the laser point in its center, so it may show significantly lower temp at the side of the heatbed. Furthermore, it also has a parameter called emissivity, which is usually fixed for cheaper thermometers. To simplify emissivity, it measures different temperatures based on the surface.

There is a difference between the steel sheet temperature and heatbed bottom temperature (~5-10°C).

The correct way to measure the temperature is a thermistor or contact temperature probe fixed to the sheet with a bit of thermal paste. This may still measure around 5°C lower than the actual temperature.

Initial checks

If you received an error, we recommend start checking the respective articles of that error, like:

If no error has presented itself, please proceed with the troubleshooting steps outlined below.
  1. Visually check that your Heated bed is not badly damaged or does not have exposed traces. As long as the trace is not broken, as is shown in the right picture below, it can be fixed with a few layers of nail polish painted over it.
Traces cut. Replacement required.Superficial scratch. Can be mended.
Even a small scratch can cause issues or electrical noise during heating.
  1. Check that your Heated bed thermistor is properly attached under the golden Kapton tape. If you notice the thermistor is hanging freely, unattached to the bed, undo the 6-9 bolts holding the bed to the Y-carriage and re-secure the thermistor using Kapton tape.
Not the two types of tape securing the thermistor. There is a layer of aluminum foil tape underneath the layer of kapton tape.loose termistor
Correctly secured thermistorLoose thermistor. Will not work!
  1. Check the power connection:

Thermistor test

Hairdryer

The best and easiest way is to take a hairdryer and blow hot air in below the Heatbed. During this process, check if there is any temperature change on the LCD. If there is a change it means your thermistor is working. If there is no change at all, your thermistor is defective.

Swapping connections

If the hairdryer test is inconclusive you can test whether the port on the mainboard is damaged. Swap the connection of the Hotend thermistor and heatbed thermistor.

IPA Test = uneven heating

To see whether the surface is heating evenly or at all, we suggest wiping down the heat bed surface with Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) cold and then heating the heatbed through the Preheat menu or LCD menu -> Temperatures -> Bed. The alcohol will evaporate when heated, exposing areas that are not heating at all. 

Slow preheat process

Remove the printed cover at the back left of the heated bed and check the following.

  1. Damaged Heated bed cables at any spot.
  2. PSU cables are properly attached to the miniRAMBO/EinsyRAMBO board and not damaged at any spot.
Usually, cables can be damaged around the Zip-ties, as this can cause stress on the cables if overtightened.

Measuring resistance/voltage

The resistance of the heated bed thermistor should be approximately 100K at room temperature (the same goes for the thermistor on the hot end if you are curious!)

If you are unfamiliar with how to use a multimeter, we have an article on Multimeter usage.

The resistance of the heated bed should be:

      • 1 Ohm on MK2/S
      • 3.4 Ohm on MK3/S
    • Don't worry if the resistance oscillates around the mentioned value. 

Measuring voltages

Original Prusa MK2/S:

  • The voltage going to the heated bed should be ~12V
  • The voltage coming from the PSU to the miniRAMBO should be ~12V too

Original Prusa MK3/S:

  • The voltage going to the heated bed should be ~24V
  • The voltage coming from the PSU to the EinsyRAMBO should be ~24V too

Disconnect Power Panic

In some rare cases, the PowerPanic has interfered with the operation of MK3/S/+. If non of the steps outlined above resolves it, try to disconnect the PowerPanic cable from the EinsyRAMBo. Please see Einsy RAMBo electronics wiring (MK3/MK3S/MK3S+) for what to disconnect.

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